Business Hobbies Lifestyle 

How coffee is made step by step? How is coffee grown and produced?

How coffee is made step by step?

  1. Planting the seeds: A coffee bean is a seed which when dried and roasted, is used to brew coffee.
  2. Harvesting the cherries: Depending on the variety, it can take 3 to 4 years for a coffee tree to bear fruit.
  3. Processing the cherries: Once the berries have been picked, the processing must take place immediately to prevent the cherries from spoiling.
  4. Drying the beans: Dried beans (aka parchment coffee) are warehoused and ready to export.
  5. Milling the beans: Before the coffee can be exported however, it first must be hulled, polished, graded, and then sorted.
  6. Exporting the beans: The milled beans (aka green coffee) are then loaded and distributed.
  7. Tasting the coffee: Coffee is repeatedly tried and tested for quality purposes by those who (arguably) have the best job in the world: coffee tasting.
  8. Roasting the coffee: The roasting process turns green coffee into delicious brown beans.
  9. Grinding the coffee: Next, the coffee beans are ground into a fine powder ready for brewing.
  10. Brewing the coffee: The coffee grounds are then boiled and brewed away, ready for consumption.
  11. VOILA: You sit down with a delicious cup of joe!

How is coffee grown and produced?

Coffee production is quite simply the industrial process of converting the raw fruits of the coffee plant/tree into the finished coffee. It goes through a long and rigorous process, including extensive testing and quality control, in order to produce the most delicious coffee that graces your cups of a morning.

Where is coffee produced?

Here is a list of the top 10 coffee producing countries:

  • Brazil: 2,595,000 Metric Ton (5,714,381,000 Pounds)
  • Vietnam: 1,650,000 Metric Tons (3,637,627,000 Pounds)
  • Colombia: 810,000 Metric Tons (1,785,744,000 Pounds)
  • Indonesia: 660,000 Metric Tons (1,455,050,000 Pounds)
  • Ethiopia: 384,000 Metric Tons (846,575,000 Pounds)
  • Honduras: 348,000 Metric Tons (767,208,000 Pounds)
  • India: 348,000 Metric Tons (767,208,000 Pounds)
  • Uganda: 288,000 Metric Tons (634,931,000 Pounds)
  • Mexico: 234,000 Metric Tons (515,881,000 Pounds)
  • Guatemala: 204,000 Metric Tons (449,743,000)

To the un-initiated, coffee is coffee. However, as you explore coffee in greater depth, you’ll grow to notice the various nuances and differences between different types of coffee produced in various regions all over the world.

Thailand is another great country that produces a delicious coffee. Whilst the Kingdom of Thailand only exports about 7% of the coffee that is produced there, it doesn’t change the fact that their Santi Panich brand is among the most delectable in the world. In fact, Santi Panich Coffee and Roasters and becoming increasingly popular among the budding coffee enthusiasts and come highly recommended!

Can I grow coffee at home?

Coffee plants can indeed be grown at home, both indoors and outdoors. This gives you plenty of options whether you live in a small apartment with only a balcony, or a large property with a vast backyard. In any case, the fact is that you can grow coffee for your own consumption at home. The question is whether or not you can be bothered with the process.

Again, it can take up to 4 years before a freshly planted coffee tree will start bearing fruit. However, when that day comes, you can enjoy a brew of your very own making, which would be an exciting experience.

Just make sure you do plenty of research, find the best seedlings, and invest in all of the relevant equipment required for the processing of coffee cherries in order to get the best possible product at the end of your hard work.


All in all, the process of making coffee is surprisingly interesting. Few people who drink coffee are aware that the beans go through a lengthy process and are grown as cherries from trees! In any case, we hope you have found this article interesting and wish you the best of luck should you decide to try to coffee growing and roasting process by yourself at home.

Related posts